Medication is indeed an option for treatment of alcoholism. Most people assume the only way to quit drinking is cold turkey and a counseling program like Alcoholics Anonymous. Well, there are some medications that could help alcoholics kick the habit.
According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, two different types of alcoholism medication could be used. The first would be tranquilizers called benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Librium. They would only be used in the first few days to help with withdrawal symptoms.
Then the recovering alcoholic can be moved to a alcoholism medication called naltrexone, which is sold under the brand name ReVia. The Institute writes about alcoholism medication on About.com:
When used together with counseling, this medication lessens the craving for alcohol in many people and helps prevent a return to heavy drinking.
An older alcoholism medication is called disulfiram (Antabuse). This doesn't actually help cure alcoholism; rather, when mixed with alcohol, it makes a person severely ill.
About Alcoholism Facts writes:
Due to the fact that Antabuse elicits extremely unpleasant consequences such as nausea, flushing vomiting, and dizziness if alcohol is consumed, it has proven to be a powerful deterrent to drinking even with individuals who are chronically addicted to alcohol.